Publication

Does the gelation temperature or the sulfuric acid concentration influence the dosimetric properties of radiochromic PVA-GTA Xylenol Orange Fricke gels?

Gallo, Salvatore; Gambarini, Grazia; Veronese, Ivan; Argentiere, Simona; Gargano, Marco; Ianni, Luca; Lenardi, Cristina; Ludwig, Nicola; Pignoli, Emanuele; D'Errico, Francesco: Radiat. Phys. Chem. 160 (2019) 35-40 [DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2019.03.014]

Purpose of this study is to test if possible effects of gelation temperature and pH on the cross-linking process between poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and glutaraldehyde (GTA), have consequences on the dosimetric properties of PVA-GTA Xylenol Orange Fricke gel dosimeters. Therefore, dose-response curves and Fe3+ diffusion rate of PVA-GTA Fricke gel dosimeters prepared using different sulfuric acid concentrations and different gelation temperature were investigated by optical absorbance measurements. The results demonstrated that the sulfuric acid concentration determines both the dose sensitivity of the PVA-GTA Xylenol Orange Fricke gel dosimeters and the interval of linearity of the dose-response curve. Although the effects of gelation temperature and sulfuric acid concentration on the PVA-GTA cross-linking process may occur, no significant consequences on diffusion properties of PVA polymer network were observed. Indeed, Fe3+ diffusion rates in all investigated samples were very similar, and less than half of those achievable in Fricke gel dosimeters prepared with natural gel matrices like gelatin and agarose.

Affiliation: Gallo, S (Reprint Author), Univ Milan, Via Giovanni Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan, Italy. Gallo, S (Reprint Author), INFN, Via Giovanni Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan, Italy. Gallo, Salvatore; Gambarini, Grazia; Veronese, Ivan; Argentiere, Simona; Gargano, Marco; Ianni, Luca; Lenardi, Cristina; Ludwig, Nicola, Univ Milan, Dipartimento Fis, Milan, Italy. Gallo, Salvatore; Gambarini, Grazia; Veronese, Ivan, INFN, Sez Milano, Milan, Italy. Lenardi, Cristina, Interdisciplinary Ctr Nanostruct Mat & Interfaces, Milan, Italy. Pignoli, Emanuele, Fdn IRCCS Ist Nazl Tumori, Milan, Italy. D'Errico, Francesco, Univ Pisa, Scuola Ingn, Pisa, Italy. D'Errico, Francesco, Yale Univ, Sch Med, New Haven, CT USA.